Role of Youth as Major Stakeholder in Nepal

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Background 

Nepal is always facing ups and down in its overall political career from its very beginning. From the period of King Prithivi Narayan Shah to Rajendra Bikram Shah, there were always political instability due to the power play from the one’s hand to others. In the period of Rana Regime, the country was almost gone back to early age from the view point of the general people’s living standard. Like wise, in Panchayat Era, besides a small group of elites and close to the royal families, there was no any major development in the lives of the ordinary people and in the situation of the country. People had hoped a lot from the democratic system. In comparison with the Royal Period, Rana Regime and Panchyat Era, the country has developed a lot and the living standard of the ordinary people has also take a new height but the overall situation is not satisfactory. They have got their rights in constitution but remain same in practical reality. The leaders became new royals, ranas and panchyatis but the people remain the same miserable ordinary people as like of before.

The history of conflict is very long in our country. In Royal Period there used to have conflict among the royalists. In Rana Regime and Panchyat System, there used to have conflict between the Ranas and the people. But, the people hadn’t hoped such terrible conflicts in the democratic period. Any conflict is not harmful in itself. It is also the opportunity to have the change and the development in the country. Every family, society and the country is facing some kinds of conflicts everyday. Even we have the conflict in own self. But it becomes harmful when it turns into violence. Conflict begins with differences. If necessary steps are not taken in the right time, it turns towards dispute, problem, violence and war and it cost a big to the country and its people. In our country, it hasn’t passed a long time that the people have started to breathe openly after the peace agreement between the Maoists and the Government, now a days; there are lots of such groups who are making terror all over the country.

Many countries also draw a line on youth at the age at which a person is given equal treatment under the law – often referred to as the “age of majority’. This age is often 18 in many countries, and once a person passes this age, they are considered to be an adult. However, the operational definition and nuances of the term ‘youth’ often vary from country to country, depending on the specific socio-cultural, institutional, economic and political factors. [Source: United Nations Division for Social Policy and Development]

Although I believe in no age boundary in the definition of the youth, the article is based on the general conception of the people. I have considered the people between the ages of 18 to 35. Youths are the main stakeholders of the every nation. In our country, we can see the major numbers of youths are participating in politics, social developments, economic developments and all the sectors as well. Youths are involving in social service, politics, media, civil societies and business communities etc. But, in all the fields they have been used only as the form of employee who has to work as per the direction of others and have no rights to participate in the decision making. The most noteworthy fact is that today’s youth are the upcoming future of the nation and the youth should have to live in the future of the country. So, this is the time for the youths to make their future secure and happy and this is the very critical time to prove themselves as one of the major stakeholders of the country. Now, they have to initiate from the every sectors of the society to remove all the misunderstandings and to transform all kinds of the conflicts. The time has come to stand united for making the country stable and the secure future.

 Youths as Major Stakeholder of the nation: 

The major power and the main wealth of every nation are youths. They are the strong pillars and the sweet future of every nation. But, in our country it seems that the youths are only being played for the fulfillment of ones’ need. They have been given no any major responsibilities and authorities as regarding their future and in favor of development of the nation. It can be seen clearly while looking back to our history that all struggles which have succeeded either it was against of Rana Regime or against of Panchyat System, the large numbers of participants were youths. Even in the latest political development, we can see the large number of participation were youths either in Government security personnel, or in Maoists militia or in the protest programs of political parties and in the great April Movement. Later, when the needs of them is finished, there is no any better opportunities and programs for them to buildup their strength, personalities and their career. The only use of youth in protest programs or in conflict and politics, the future of the nation may worsen because the creativity and the talent which is most necessary for the development of the nation is being destroyed and there is no further programs to secure their position.

 Role of Youth in Peacebuilding and political stability: 

Ø  At first, youths, themselves have to recognize their responsibilities towards the nation and they have to study and analyze sincerely and properly about the situation of the country.

Ø  They have to find out their position.

Ø  They have to start their steps from their own sectors.

Ø  They should organize and aware others.

Ø  They must study about the role which had played or have been playing in other nations such as Srilanka, South Africa, Northern Ireland etc in the transitional period by youths.

Ø  They have to analyze the root cause of all the conflicts going on in the country and its present status.

Ø  They have to find out the common problems and the possible solutions and such solution should be in favor of the whole Nepalese people.

Ø   They should act responsibly for developing good environment for dialogue among all conflicting and the parties having grievances.

Ø  They should give pressure to all the parties for sitting in dialogue table and being united for making the New Nepal.

Ø  They must have to play their role adopting neutral position between all the parties and should give equal priority in listening to all them.

Ø  They have to make coordination between all stakeholders like wise Civil Society, Media, Political Parties, and Business Community etc.

Ø  They have to develop a long term plan for political stability and sustainable peace.

Ø  They have to initiate themselves for making their future secure and better.

Ø  They should prove themselves as a responsible group and a major stakeholder of the country by involving in versatile activities related to the development of the country.

Ø  Youths should have to watch all the political developments sincerely and should stand strongly to question in the mistakes of any parties.

 Current Position of Youths: 

Ø  Youths ideas are frequently not valued because of their assumed lack of experiences and junior in age, education and etc.

Ø  Youths are taken advantage of as unpaid volunteers and interns.

Ø  Youth problems are often treated by short-term solutions.

Ø  Lack of practical educational programs in peacebuilding, politics, economics and development issues to the youths.

Ø  Youths are often not able to attend such seminars and activities in various issues because of their conflicting schedules.

Ø  Youths aren’t involved in any policy making, decision making, fund raising and the decisions related to their future.

Ø  They are shadowed in all types of development issues.

Ø  The current definition of youth as used by the government is not accurate in today’s society.

 Recommendations to these challenges: 

Ø  Establish separate youth ministry and development bodies in various levels.

Ø  Youth participation at various conferences and consultations is very important, because it gives voice to the youth.

Ø  Feedback on youth impact as volunteers would encourage further participation.

Ø  Youth should be asked their opinion as major section of the society and future of the nation, in every policy making, decision making, fund raising and so on issues, since they themselves are involved in such activities.

Ø  Youth problems should be taken sincerely and seriously and it should be solved because they are the future of the nation.

Ø  Peacebuilding and various development academic programs should receive more funding and support and more youths should be benefited form it.

Ø  Every stakeholder: Political Parties, Media, Civil Society, Government, Business Circle have to provide more opportunities to build up and show talents and creativity to the youths.

Ø  Age shouldn’t be included in the definition of youth because one will become old from his feelings not from his age.

As already mentioned, youths are the future of the nation and they have to survive in the upcoming future so, they must be responsible and sincere towards their future as well as the future of the nation. They have to initiate first to get their rights. If it is not provided to them then they should fight in peaceful manner and they have to make their voice loud to be heard and every stakeholder must be compelled to listen them and should agree to accept them as one of the important part of the nation which can’t be shadowed. We must have right to made our future bright. That’s why, all the political, economic and social development should be made in favor of youths and should have represented the youth’s voice.

19 thoughts on “Role of Youth as Major Stakeholder in Nepal

    Miss Million said:
    June 17, 2007 at 1:20 am

    You correclty pointed out the youth’s role in new nepal building process. Mission Million by 2012

    weyouth said:
    June 17, 2007 at 9:26 am

    Good article I also a political student.

    Diwakar Dhungel said:
    June 18, 2007 at 2:39 pm

    Dear Friend

    Although your idea sounds good, no doubt about it, but the crux of the matter is what is the responsible of the government towards the youth…

    My only concern is that whether it is youth or old people, the state should provide the enabling factor so that youth can unleash forces that is beyond comprehensible…

    Youth is backbone of any nation, and how to rope in youth for constructive forces should be the matter of concern to planners. The enabling factor should allow the youth to participate in mainstream socio-economic and political scenario. Once the youth makes inroads in these sector it will pave the path for others.

    Last but not the least, we need an enabling environment not disabling environment . How these should be done, let us sit togther and work out. We are assest and government should give us equal level playing field and one should strive to work together….

    Salik said:
    June 18, 2007 at 4:34 pm

    Nice write up. The points ar generalized but youth ministry is a good concept. I personally think that Nepalis youth have not come of age yet- they are frustrated and misled without any hope of future here. It’s not a rare feeling but the sentiment of the youth and their participation is decison making is a must to empower them. Without the participation of youth- change isn’t possibel.

    I’ve also written about this topic so may times before.

    Thanks for reminding again.

    Read What is Young Nepal Doing?

    anish said:
    June 19, 2007 at 4:22 pm

    your article is very interesting to study, its very nice to describe about the role of youth.

    Rewati Raman Dhakal said:
    June 29, 2007 at 6:36 pm

    Dear utshab
    I glad to read your article youth a major stakeholder. position of youth and recomendation your expressed in your article is praise worthy. The more importent you state about youth participation is more important. But you should not concentrated only in parliament. you should start from our local level like, civil society, consumer association and more.
    keep it up.

    Amir said:
    August 31, 2007 at 2:24 pm

    Hey Fren, u have correctly pointed out about the role of youths. But, i m strict in the age definition. The people between the age of 18 to 40 should only known as youth. If we do not define it strictly then Ramchandra Poudyal, Susil Koirala, KP Oli, Madhav Nepal etc will always benifited by the name of youth and we, who are infact youth will always sidelined. It is so comedy in out country that Ramchandra, Susil, KP are called youth leader. Then what about gagan and yogesh? Are they child leader? And what about those who are struggling in politics in college level? So, those old not only by age but also by mind should not get any more chances to be benifited by the name of ours.

    Yuvraj said:
    January 7, 2008 at 11:05 am

    Dear Utshab Pokhrel,
    I read your article entitled “Role of Youth as Major Stakeholder in Nepal”, and got a specific observation about it. Frankly speaking; this article is a good attempt to reveal the reality of the youth in Nepal. It has shown the historical perspective of the youths in Nepal. It has also included role of youth in peacebuilding and political turmoil as well as the current positions of youths on the basis of Nepalese situation.
    It is crystal clear from the various strategic planning of Nepal that Nepal is more advanced in terms of formulating policies in almost all sectors. So, my suggestion for you is that if you would have included emphasizing in implementation phase in your recommendation regarding the potential solutions of the youth problems in Nepal, it would have been more authentic and effective. If you would have also mentioned the actual population of youths on the basis of statistical information, it would have been more attractive.
    In my opinion, you have tried a great effort to reveal the actual situation of youths in Nepal in overall. You did a good job. I appreciate your attempt to build up your professional writing.

    Sincerely yours;
    Yuvraj Dhungana
    M.A. in NPA, Lindenwood University
    St. Charles, Missouri, USA
    Permanent Address: Taregana VDC-6, Siraha, Nepal

    Prakash Bhattarai said:
    June 29, 2008 at 12:46 pm

    Utsab Jee,

    Thank you for the nice article about youth. I would like to take this article as a reference for one of my research onm youth and political violence

    DEEPMALA said:
    June 29, 2008 at 9:56 pm

    Nation buiding and Youth
    Thanks for so insightull article on the role of Nepali Youth. In contemporary Nepal, the role of youth is ore signifcant. In recent election, more than 50% youth popltion cameut for voting for strutural and institutional. In my point of view Nepali youth should take lead in nation building process. bcause the New Nepal will be createby t youth of Nepal.None of the south asia country hs shown such curageas the Nepali Youth has shownin constituent assemblyelection. Once again thanks forso inspiring aticle.

    Damaru Lal Bhanari said:
    August 13, 2008 at 2:34 pm

    It would have been better had you made it a point to come up with data that show the flight out of the country and also the employment rate.

    Damaru Lal Bhandari said:
    August 13, 2008 at 2:35 pm

    It would have been better had you also come up with employment rate whatever it is.

    Utshab responded:
    August 13, 2008 at 4:19 pm

    Thanks Damaru Jee,

    I seriously appreciate ur suggestion and try to update it in my next article.

    Shashi said:
    November 15, 2008 at 8:58 am

    Yo article katai baata choreko jasto chha….

    Utshab responded:
    November 16, 2008 at 9:31 am

    Sashi; thanks for ur comment. This is my own article but i have reviewed lteratures about youth conditions not only in Nepal but what are the common problems facing by youths worldwide.

    subash said:
    January 14, 2010 at 9:58 am

    dear Utsab, you did a good job by writing this as an article. this article was starting from economics point of view by relating this to migration of youth and made it end with in political scenario. here you say that political party or persons using youth as a puppet to gain their own vested interest. but what we are doing, why we doing so, didn’t we learned a lesson from history? there is a question to be answered. if i am not wrong, we youth itself looking for our own vested interest rather than our group interest or whole youth interest. so first of all, we have to make sure that we are doing what so ever is for youth development not a individual development from a party or government that we take. i think this is a most important issue or lesson that youth have to learn. if you can’t able to do so then you have no rights to blame the leaders. make your stand clear and don’t give up this for your petty interest. this is for everyone, me, youths of nations, youth leaders, students leaders all.

    Mohan Raj Bhatt said:
    November 15, 2010 at 7:00 pm

    Dear Utshab,
    Thanks a lot for your insightful thought on ‘ Role of youth as Major stakeholder in Nepal. Moreover, today’s youths need a role model whom they can follow. They are need of real transformation,their mind should be renewed by the truth, and hearts should be enlightened by the divine power. Please motivate them for the right work, we have to build our nation. We love our nation. God Bless us.
    Mohan
    M.Div. in Theology, Kerala, India
    Permanent Add.
    Raikwar Bichawa-6
    Kanchanpur, Nepal

    Sahaj kc said:
    November 3, 2012 at 2:09 am

    answer should be short and sweet.Your answer is sweet but long.

    Navraj Joshi said:
    January 6, 2013 at 9:31 am

    Nice article

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