Nepal is always facing ups and down in its overall political career from its very beginning. From the period of King Prithivi Narayan Shah to Rajendra Bikram Shah, there were always political instability due to the power play from the one’s hand to others. In the period of Rana Regime, the country was almost gone back to early age from the view point of the general people’s living standard. Like wise, in Panchayat Era, besides a small group of elites and close to the royal families, there was no any major development in the lives of the ordinary people and in the situation of the country. People had hoped a lot from the democratic system. In comparison with the Royal Period, Rana Regime and Panchyat Era, the country has developed a lot and the living standard of the ordinary people has also take a new height but the overall situation is not satisfactory. They have got their rights in constitution but remain same in practical reality. The leaders became new royals, ranas and panchyatis but the people remain the same miserable ordinary people as like of before.
The history of conflict is very long in our country. In Royal Period there used to have conflict among the royalists. In Rana Regime and Panchyat System, there used to have conflict between the Ranas and the people. But, the people hadn’t hoped such terrible conflicts in the democratic period. Any conflict is not harmful in itself. It is also the opportunity to have the change and the development in the country. Every family, society and the country is facing some kinds of conflicts everyday. Even we have the conflict in own self. But it becomes harmful when it turns into violence. Conflict begins with differences. If necessary steps are not taken in the right time, it turns towards dispute, problem, violence and war and it cost a big to the country and its people. In our country, it hasn’t passed a long time that the people have started to breathe openly after the peace agreement between the Maoists and the Government, now a days; there are lots of such groups who are making terror all over the country.
Many countries also draw a line on youth at the age at which a person is given equal treatment under the law – often referred to as the “age of majority’. This age is often 18 in many countries, and once a person passes this age, they are considered to be an adult. However, the operational definition and nuances of the term ‘youth’ often vary from country to country, depending on the specific socio-cultural, institutional, economic and political factors. [Source: United Nations Division for Social Policy and Development]
Although I believe in no age boundary in the definition of the youth, the article is based on the general conception of the people. I have considered the people between the ages of 18 to 35. Youths are the main stakeholders of the every nation. In our country, we can see the major numbers of youths are participating in politics, social developments, economic developments and all the sectors as well. Youths are involving in social service, politics, media, civil societies and business communities etc. But, in all the fields they have been used only as the form of employee who has to work as per the direction of others and have no rights to participate in the decision making. The most noteworthy fact is that today’s youth are the upcoming future of the nation and the youth should have to live in the future of the country. So, this is the time for the youths to make their future secure and happy and this is the very critical time to prove themselves as one of the major stakeholders of the country. Now, they have to initiate from the every sectors of the society to remove all the misunderstandings and to transform all kinds of the conflicts. The time has come to stand united for making the country stable and the secure future.
Youths as Major Stakeholder of the nation:
The major power and the main wealth of every nation are youths. They are the strong pillars and the sweet future of every nation. But, in our country it seems that the youths are only being played for the fulfillment of ones’ need. They have been given no any major responsibilities and authorities as regarding their future and in favor of development of the nation. It can be seen clearly while looking back to our history that all struggles which have succeeded either it was against of Rana Regime or against of Panchyat System, the large numbers of participants were youths. Even in the latest political development, we can see the large number of participation were youths either in Government security personnel, or in Maoists militia or in the protest programs of political parties and in the great April Movement. Later, when the needs of them is finished, there is no any better opportunities and programs for them to buildup their strength, personalities and their career. The only use of youth in protest programs or in conflict and politics, the future of the nation may worsen because the creativity and the talent which is most necessary for the development of the nation is being destroyed and there is no further programs to secure their position.
Role of Youth in Peacebuilding and political stability:
Ø At first, youths, themselves have to recognize their responsibilities towards the nation and they have to study and analyze sincerely and properly about the situation of the country.
Ø They have to find out their position.
Ø They have to start their steps from their own sectors.
Ø They should organize and aware others.
Ø They must study about the role which had played or have been playing in other nations such as Srilanka, South Africa, Northern Ireland etc in the transitional period by youths.
Ø They have to analyze the root cause of all the conflicts going on in the country and its present status.
Ø They have to find out the common problems and the possible solutions and such solution should be in favor of the whole Nepalese people.
Ø They should act responsibly for developing good environment for dialogue among all conflicting and the parties having grievances.
Ø They should give pressure to all the parties for sitting in dialogue table and being united for making the New Nepal.
Ø They must have to play their role adopting neutral position between all the parties and should give equal priority in listening to all them.
Ø They have to make coordination between all stakeholders like wise Civil Society, Media, Political Parties, and Business Community etc.
Ø They have to develop a long term plan for political stability and sustainable peace.
Ø They have to initiate themselves for making their future secure and better.
Ø They should prove themselves as a responsible group and a major stakeholder of the country by involving in versatile activities related to the development of the country.
Ø Youths should have to watch all the political developments sincerely and should stand strongly to question in the mistakes of any parties.
Current Position of Youths:
Ø Youths ideas are frequently not valued because of their assumed lack of experiences and junior in age, education and etc.
Ø Youths are taken advantage of as unpaid volunteers and interns.
Ø Youth problems are often treated by short-term solutions.
Ø Lack of practical educational programs in peacebuilding, politics, economics and development issues to the youths.
Ø Youths are often not able to attend such seminars and activities in various issues because of their conflicting schedules.
Ø Youths aren’t involved in any policy making, decision making, fund raising and the decisions related to their future.
Ø They are shadowed in all types of development issues.
Ø The current definition of youth as used by the government is not accurate in today’s society.
Recommendations to these challenges:
Ø Establish separate youth ministry and development bodies in various levels.
Ø Youth participation at various conferences and consultations is very important, because it gives voice to the youth.
Ø Feedback on youth impact as volunteers would encourage further participation.
Ø Youth should be asked their opinion as major section of the society and future of the nation, in every policy making, decision making, fund raising and so on issues, since they themselves are involved in such activities.
Ø Youth problems should be taken sincerely and seriously and it should be solved because they are the future of the nation.
Ø Peacebuilding and various development academic programs should receive more funding and support and more youths should be benefited form it.
Ø Every stakeholder: Political Parties, Media, Civil Society, Government, Business Circle have to provide more opportunities to build up and show talents and creativity to the youths.
Ø Age shouldn’t be included in the definition of youth because one will become old from his feelings not from his age.
As already mentioned, youths are the future of the nation and they have to survive in the upcoming future so, they must be responsible and sincere towards their future as well as the future of the nation. They have to initiate first to get their rights. If it is not provided to them then they should fight in peaceful manner and they have to make their voice loud to be heard and every stakeholder must be compelled to listen them and should agree to accept them as one of the important part of the nation which can’t be shadowed. We must have right to made our future bright. That’s why, all the political, economic and social development should be made in favor of youths and should have represented the youth’s voice.